Leptospirosis and Heatstroke
Signs to look for and the importance of early recognition and treatment of these two diseases.
Leptospirosis in dogs is a bacterial infection that spreads through the bloodstream. Dogs can get leptospirosis from coming into contact with puddles or bodies of water that carry urine from infected wildlife. This includes marshy water, puddles, and even grass that wild animals have urinated on and which your pet licks. Dogs that have open skin lesions can be more prone. The bacteria infiltrate a dog’s body by burrowing into their skin. Canine leptospirosis can be a serious, life-threatening disease. Dogs that are most at risk for getting canine leptospirosis include:
These are the symptoms you might see in dogs infected with leptospirosis: These are the symptoms you might see in dogs infected with leptospirosis:
Give your vet a thorough history of your dog's health, including a background history of symptoms, recent activities, and possible incidents that might have precipitated this condition. The history you provide may give your veterinarian clues as to what stage of infection your dog is experiencing, and which organs are most affected.
Your veterinarian will order a:
If your dog frequents areas that may harbor leptospirosis, it is imperative that they be vaccinated. Talk to your veterinarian about vaccinating dogs that are more home bound and only go for walks. However, keep in mind that if your dog walks on grass where wild animals have possibly have passed through, they may be exposed. "An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure."
Antibiotic therapy can help minimize organ damage and the risk of spreading the bacteria to other animals and humans. The risk to people becomes minimal within 24 hours of starting your dog on antibiotic therapy, but appropriate precautions, such as avoiding contact with urine and wearing gloves, should still be taken. Treatment typically takes two to three weeks. Dogs with signs of kidney and/or liver failure may also need hospitalization and supportive treatment, such as IV fluids.
Leptospirosis is Zoonotic which means that it IS transmissible to humans. Therefore vaccination is highly recommended especially for dogs that are more prone to be exposed.
If Leptospirosis is not caught early and treated it is often fatal.
Check out the following brochure for more information.